[Excerpt from the report]
International Small Arms Control Standards
20. On 29 August 2012, on the margins of the second Small Arms Review Conference, the United Nations launched the International Small Arms Control Standards following an intensive development process involving partners worldwide. The standards fit within the framework created by existing global agreements on small arms and light weapons control (the Programme of Action, the International Tracing Instrument and the Firearms Protocol) and build upon best practices developed at the regional and subregional levels.
21. The new standards were designed primarily to streamline policymaking, programming and practice on small arms and light weapons control across United Nations Coordinating Action on Small Arms agencies. They are expected to help ensure that the United Nations as a whole consistently delivers the highest-quality advice and support for the efforts of Member States to develop and maintain effective controls throughout the life cycle of small arms and light weapons. They are also expected to enhance the Organization’s ability to “Deliver as one” on this important issue.
22. In 2012, United Nations entities have used the International Small Arms Control Standards to strengthen the support that they provide to Member States in such areas as stockpile management, conducting small arms surveys, marking and record-keeping, tracing illicit small arms and light weapons, the destruction of illicit and surplus arms, border controls and law enforcement cooperation. In addition, several regional organizations have used the Standards as a global reference point in revising or developing regional standards and guidelines on small arms control. Non-governmental organizations specializing in stockpile management and destruction assistance have also used the Standards.
23. The development of further International Small Arms Control Standards, including in the areas of legislative and regulatory controls, programme design and management and cross-cutting issues (related to women, gender, children, adolescents and youth), was begun during the reporting period. Moreover, an Inter-Agency Support Unit was created to promote and support the development and use of the Standards by the United Nations and its partners.
24. In order to support the practical application of the International Small Arms Control Standards, the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research began developing a software tool that would allow users to apply them in the design, self- assessment, monitoring and evaluation of their small arms control programmes. During the reporting period, the software underwent a process of validation by way of field-testing for its utility and applicability in several States representing a range of capacity and geographic locations.
FULL REPORT — UN General Assembly Document A/68/171