A recent problem confronting the south of Madagascar is large-scale, organised cattle raiding by armed groups, in which cattle raiders (Dahalo), organise themselves into bands of tens of men armed with weapons (including automatic rifles) to carry out raids on rural communities in order to steal large numbers of cattle (Zébu), often killing, raping and burning in the process. The animals are sold through illicit networks for export, or for slaughter and consumption on the domestic market. The weapons used by the Dahalo come from a variety of sources, including weapons lost by the armed forces during periods of political crisis.
UNDP is supporting the government of Madagascar to dissuade raids by Dahalo, reintegrate former cattle raiders into their communities, boost community security and livelihoods, and mop up illicit weapons. In doing so, UNDP is following guidance set out in ISACS, in particular in relation to the management of armed forces stockpiles (especially weapons accounting) and the collection and destruction of illicit weapons.
The ISACS Inter-Agency Support Unit provided on-site advice to the UNDP Country Office in Madagascar during a support mission in March 2015.