“A key element of ISACS is the call on States to prevent, combat and eradicate the illicit trade in SALW by putting in place effective controls to deter, detect and intercept illicit movements across their borders. It recognises that the co-operation among States to prevent illicit cross-border movements of SALW is a complex and multi-faceted task, especially in cases where a border is long, porous, remote or difficult to access, or if government agencies responsible for border management lack the required capacity and resources.
"With regard to border management, ISACS provides a broader approach that includes a description and assessment of the situation on the border crossing points with specific emphasis on:
a) The physical characteristics of the border;
b) Extent of physical demarcation of the borderline on the ground;
c) Extent of agreement by bordering States on the exact location of their common border;
d) List of (official) border crossing points;
e) Location and description of other routes (e.g. paved and unpaved roads, tracks, etc.) that cross the border between (official) border crossing points;
f) Occupations, economic situation and sources of income of border communities; and
g) Involvement of border communities in cross-border smuggling (petty and organized), including the commodities involved."